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City of Hackensack

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
    Bergen County
      County FIPS: 
    40°53′22″N 74°02′45″W
      Area total: 
    4.35 sq mi (11.27 km²)
      Area land: 
    4.19 sq mi (10.86 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.16 sq mi (0.41 km²)
    20 ft (6 m)
    1665; Settled 1665 (as New Barbadoes); Incorporated October 31, 1693 (as New Barbadoes Township ) Re; Incorporated November 21, 1921 (as a city under current name)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Hackensack, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    10,983.1 residents per square mile of area (4,240.6/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Hackensack is a city in and the county seat of Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2020 U.S. census, the city's population was 46,030. The area was officially named New Barbadoes Township until 1921, but has informally been known as Hackensack since at least the 18th century. It is located approximately 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Midtown Manhattan and about 7 miles (11 km) from the George Washington Bridge. From a number of locations, including portions of Prospect Avenue, the New York City skyline can be seen. The city has diverse neighborhoods and land uses located close to one another. Within its borders are the Hackensacks University Medical Center, a residential high-rise district about a mile long (along Prospect Avenue between Beech Street and Passaic Street), and a vibrant small-city downtown district. The Metropolitan Campus of Fairleigh Dickinson University straddles thehackensack River in both Hackensacket and Teaneck. HackensACK is also the home of the former New Jersey Naval Museum and the World War II submarine USS Ling. The first inhabitants of the area were the Lenni Lenape, an Algonquian people who became known to settlers as 'the Delaware Indians.' They lived along a river they called Achinigeu-hach, or "Ackingsah-sack", which translates to stony groundtoday this river is more commonly known by the name 'the Hackensacking River'.


The first inhabitants of the area were the Lenni Lenape, an Algonquian people who became known to settlers as 'the Delaware Indians' They lived along a river they called Achinigeu-hach, or "Ackingsah-sack", which translates to stony ground. A representation of Chief Oratam of the Achkinhenhcky appears on the Hackensack municipal seal. The most common explanation is that the city was named for the Native American tribe, though other sources attribute it to a Native American word variously translated as meaning "hook mouth", "stream that unites with another on low ground", "on low ground" or "land of the big snake", while another version attributes the name to an inn called the "Hock and Sack" The area was soon taken by the English in 1667, but kept its Dutch name. In 1675, the East Jersey Legislature established the administrative districts Bergen, Essex, Middlesex, and Monmouth. The earliest records of the Bergen County Board of Chosen Freeholders date back to 1715, at which time agreement was made to build a courthouse and jail complex, which was completed in 1716. During the American Revolutionary War, George Washington headquartered in the village ofHackensack in November 1776 during the retreat from Fort Lee via New Bridge. The original courthouse was destroyed by fire of the Dutch Reformed Reformed forces against the British forces on March 23, 1780, resulting in the destruction of the structure.


The city is bordered by the Bergen County municipalities of Bogota, Hasbrouck Heights, Little Ferry, Lodi, Maywood, Paramus, Ridgefield Park, River Edge, South Hackensack, Teaneck and Teterboro. There are many houses of historic value, and some of these were identified in the 1990 Master Plan. The city does not have any registered historic districts, or any restrictions on preserving the historic facade in any portions of the city. Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Fairmount and NorthHackensack. The U.S. Census Bureau says the city has a total area of 4.35 square miles (11.27 km²), including 4.19 sq miles (10.86 km²) of land and 0.16 sq miles of water (3.63%). Areas considered suburban single-family residential neighborhoods account for about one-third of the City's area, mostly along its western side. The City has a population of 2,715,000 (as of the 2010 Census). The city is located in New Jersey's Hudson County, which includes parts of Bergen, Passaic, and Passaic Valley. The population of the County as of the Census Bureau's 2010 Census was 2,611,000. The state's population of New Jersey is 2,816,000, including the towns of Paramus and Paramus Landing. The county's population as a whole is 3,813,000; the city's total area is 4,722, including 4,622 square miles of land (10,86km²).


As of 2013, approximately 38.9% of the population were foreign-born. The South Asian and East Asian populations have increased most rapidly in Hackensack since 2000. The Hispanic population has also risen rapidly, to over 15,000 in 2010. Ecuadoreans, Dominicans, and Colombians have become the top Hispanic groups. The city lost approximately 10% of its White population between 2000 and 2010, which has stabilized and resumed growth since 2010. The non-Hispanic white segment has also witnessed greatly increasing diversity, with large numbers of Eastern Europeans, Eurasians, Central Asians, and Arabic immigrants offsetting the loss of Italian American, Irish American, and German American populations. The median household income was $57,676 (with a margin of error of +/ $3,577) and the median family income was$66,911 (+/ $5,433). Males had a median income of $45,880 (-/ $4,012) versus $42,059 (- / $1,681) for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,036 (-/ -$1,809) About 8.9%. of families and 10.7%. of those under age 18 were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those aged under 18 and 11.7. of those age 65 or over.Same-sex couples headed 145 households in 2010, an increase from the 112 counted in 2000. 51.7% of people over the age of five speak only English.


Hackensack operates under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law form of New Jersey municipal government. The City Council is comprised of five members who are elected to four-year terms on a concurrent basis in a non-partisan election held every four years in May. The city is one of seven municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form of government. Hackensack is located in the 5th Congressional District and is part of the 37th state legislative district. For the U.S. Congress, New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gotimer (D, Wyckoff). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025). For the New Jersey Legislature, the 37st Legislative District of the New. Jersey Legislature is represented. in the General Assembly by Democrats Ellen Shama Haider, D, Tenafly and Ellen Park (Dafly, Englewood) and General Shama Shama (Dlewood), elected directly by the people of Bergen County. For New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, his term ends June 30, 2025, along with those of all other councilmembers. The term of Mayor John P. Labrosse Jr., whose term of office as mayor begins in 2022, ends in 2023. The mayor of the City of Hackensacks is John Labrosse, whose term as mayor ends in 2025. In the several decades in which the City has used the Municipal Manager form ofGovernment, HackensACK has had only nine City Managers.


Hackensack Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2019-2020 school year, the district, comprised of six schools, had an enrollment of 5,790 students and 431.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a studentteacher ratio of 13.4:1. Hackensack High School serves high school students living in neighboring communities as part of sending/receiving relationships with the respective districts. In March 2020, the Maywood Public Schools received approval from the New Jersey Department of Education to end the relationship it had established with Hackensacks in 1969 and begin transitioning incoming ninth graders to Henry P. Becton Regional High School beginning in the 2020-2021 school year. The Metropolitan Campus of Fairleigh Dickinson University straddles the Hackensacket River in both HackensACK and Teaneck. Bergen Community College has a location in Hackensacking. The Philip Ciarco Jr. Learning Center, is located at 355 Main Street at the corner of Passaic Street. Eastwick College is located in Hackenack. The First Baptist Church operates Bergen County Christian Academy, a K12 school that was established in 1972. The YCS George Washington School is a nonprofit private school for classified students ages 514 in grades K8 who are experiencing behavioral and/or emotional difficulties. The school had been formed in 2009 by the diocese through the merger of St. Francis of Assisi School with Holy Trinity.


Hackensack University Medical Center, part of Hackensack Meridian Health, is the primary health care provider and hospital for the city. Its main hospital campus, which includes a children's hospital, an all women's hospital and Heart and Vascular Hospital, is located on 30 Prospect Avenue. The other facility that the hospital has is the John Theurer Cancer Center, located on 2nd Street. The hospital also has two medical offices located on Russell Place and Essex Center. It is located in Hackensacks, New Jersey, on the shores of the Hudson River.


As of May 2010, the city had a total of 79.69 miles (128.25 km) of roadways, of which 62.10 miles (99.94 km) were maintained by the municipality. The city is served by three train stations on NJ Transit's Pascack Valley Line, two of them in Hackensack, providing service to Hoboken Terminal, with connecting service to Penn Station New York and other NJ Transit service at Secaucus Junction. Many of the bus routes stop, originate and terminate at theHackensack Bus Terminal, a regional transit hub. Spanish Transportation and several other operators provide frequent jitney service along Route 4 between Paterson, New Jersey and the George Washington Bridge Bus Station. Route 1X of Fordham Transit originates/terminates at the bus terminal with service Inwood, Manhattan via Fort Lee Road. The Passaic-Bergen Rail Line planned to have two stops in Hackersack, but the proposal went dormant. The New Bridge Landing station, located adjacent to the city line in River Edge also serves the northernmost parts of Hackensacks, including The Shops at Riverside. It is located on the New Jersey Turnpike, which runs from Newark to Jersey City and Newark to Long Island. It also runs from Long Island to New York City and New Jersey to New Jersey City. It was also planned to run from New York to Washington, D.C., but that plan went dormant as well. It has been proposed to have a stop in Newark, but that proposal was also dormant.

Emergency services

The Hackensack Fire Department was first established on April 1, 1871, as Bergen Hook & Ladder Co. 1. In 1911, the full-time fire department was organized. The department is part of the Metro USAR Strike Team, which consists of nine North Jersey fire departments and other emergency services divisions working to address major emergency rescue situations. Daytime EMS is provided seven days a week by theHackensack University Medical Center's ambulance service, overlapping volunteer coverage on weekends. The Hackensacks Volunteer Ambulance Corps operates nightly from 6pm to 6am, and 24 hours on Saturdays and Sundays. Ten firefighters have died in the line of duty for the city of HackensACK. The city has four fire stations, four engines, one ladder, two rescues, one Air Cascade Unit, one fire alarm maintenance bucket truck, two spare engines, and one spare ladder, as well as several special and support units. The fire department responds to approximately 7,500 emergency calls annually. It is a member of the New Jersey Fire Chiefs Association, which was established in 1871 to help improve the quality of firefighting in the state. The HFD is also affiliated with the American Association of Firefighters, which is a trade group for firefighters from all 50 states and Washington, D.C. It was founded in 1903 to help train firefighters in the U.S. and Canada. It has been in existence since the early 1900s, and is the oldest fire department in New Jersey.

Points of interest

Hackensack's Main Street is devoted to shopping and includes some of the city's iconic landmarks. The Shops at Riverside (formerly known as Riverside Square Mall), is an upscale shopping center. The city's Johnson Public Library is a member of the Bergen County Cooperative Library System. The New Jersey Naval Museum is home to the World War II submarine USS Ling, a Balao class submarine, and several smaller water vessels and artifacts. Hackensack Cultural Arts Center, located at 39 Broadway, is the city’s leading theater arts institution and houses many local arts groups such as the Teaneck Theater Company and the Hackensacks Theater Company. The facility also serves as the summer indoor location for the Hudson Shakespeare Company in case of rain. There were 11 Winter Olympics figure skaters from Switzerland, Canada and Australia who trained at Ice House for the ladies' singles, men's singles, pairs and ice dance competitions at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The City of Bergen's largest newspaper, The Record, had been headquartered in HackensACK until moving to Woodland Park. The Record is a publication of the North Jersey Media Group. The former site will be redeveloped as a "transit village" complex associated with the New Bridge Landing station in adjoining River Edge. The County is in the process of moving the County Police from the northern end of theCity to a new site across from the Jail. The county is also planning to move the County Jail to a site in River Edge, where it will be located on South River Street.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Hackensack, Bergen County, New Jersey = 15.3. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Hackensack = 3.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 1,187 individuals with a median age of 40 age the population grows by 0.73% in Hackensack, Bergen County, New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 10,983.1 residents per square mile of area (4,240.6/km²). There are average 2.29 people per household in the 18,038 households with an average household income of $61,012 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.00% of the available work force and has dropped -4.60% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 20.80%. The number of physicians in Hackensack per 100,000 population = 440.7.


The annual rainfall in Hackensack = 47.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 24.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 123. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 210. 87 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Hackensack, Bergen County, New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 30.27%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 44 years with median home cost = $234,040 and home appreciation of -13.83%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $21.97 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $11,066 per student. There are 13.6 students for each teacher in the school, 698 students for each Librarian and 698 students for each Counselor. 5.09% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 18.48% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 10.60% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Hackensack's population in Bergen County, New Jersey of 4,473 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,27-fold to 1,187 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 49.88% female residents and 50.12% male residents live in Hackensack, Bergen County, New Jersey.

    As of 2020 in Hackensack, Bergen County, New Jersey are married and the remaining 53.27% are single population.

  • 29.9 minutes is the average time that residents in Hackensack require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    63.19% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 10.86% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 15.47% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.63% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Hackensack, Bergen County, New Jersey, 30.27% are owner-occupied homes, another 63.84% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.89% are vacant.

  • The 71.52% of the population in Hackensack, Bergen County, New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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