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Greenwich, Connecticut

  •   State: 
    Fairfield County
      County FIPS: 
    41°02′20″N 73°36′49″W
      Area total: 
    67.2 sq mi (174.0 km²)
      Area land: 
    47.8 sq mi (123.8 km²)
      Area water: 
    19.4 sq mi (50.3 km²)
    131 ft (40 m)
    1640; Settled 1640 Joined Connecticut 1656
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Greenwich, Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,328.8 residents per square mile of area (513.1/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Greenwich (, GREN-itch) is a town in southwestern Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. At the 2020 census, the town had a total population of 63,518. It is the southernmost and westernmost municipality in Connecticut as well as in the six-state region of New England. The town is named after Greenwich, a royal borough of London in the United Kingdom. In terms of area, Greenwich is twice the size of Manhattan. The U.S. Census Bureau recognizes nine CDPs within the town: Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Indian Field, Old Greenwich, Pemberwick, Riverside, Rock Ridge and the Greenwich CDP covering the historic municipal center of the town. In 2011, numerous neighborhoods were voted by the Business Insider as being the richest neighborhoods in America. In 1974, Gulliver's Restaurant and Bar, on the border of Greenwich and Port Chester, burned, killing 24 young people. In 1983, the Mianus River Bridge, which carries traffic on Interstate 95 over an estuary, collapsed, resulting in the death of three people. During the American Revolution, General Israel Putnam made a daring escape from the British on February 26, 1779, in Greenwich. More than half of the island of Calf Island (on the west side) is. a bird sanctuary to members of the public without permission to visit. As of 2006, the island is available for overnight stays for those who have permits to stay until dusk.


The town of Greenwich was settled in 1640, by the agents Robert Feake and Captain Daniel Patrick. One of the founders was Elizabeth Fones Winthrop, daughter-in-law of John Winthrop. General Israel Putnam made a daring escape from the British on February 26, 1779, in Greenwich. In 1974, Gulliver's Restaurant and Bar, on the border of Greenwich and Port Chester, burned, killing 24 young people. In 1983, the Mianus River Bridge, which carries traffic on Interstate 95 over an estuary, collapsed, resulting in the death of three people. For many years, Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point"), was open only to town residents and their guests. However, a lawyer sued, saying his rights to freedom of assembly were threatened because he was not allowed to go there. The lower courts disagreed, but the Supreme Court of Connecticut agreed, and Greenwich was forced to amend its beach access policy to all four beaches in 2001. These beaches include Greenwich Point Park, Island Beach, Great Captain Island, and Byram Park. For much of the area's early history, the Point was known as "Elizabeth's Neck" in recognition of Elizabeth Fone's 1640 purchase of the Point and the area now known as Old Greenwich. Greenwich was declared a township by the Connecticut General Assembly in Hartford on May 11, 1665. The town is located on the banks of the Merrimack River, which flows into the Connecticut River.


In terms of area, Greenwich is twice the size of Manhattan. The Hispanic and Latin American population is concentrated in the southwestern corner of the town. In 2011, numerous neighborhoods were voted by the Business Insider as being the richest neighborhoods in America. Calf Island is a 29-acre (120,000 m2) island about 3,000 feet (910 m) from the Byram shore in Greenwich. More than half of the island (on the west side) is a bird sanctuary off-limits to members of the public without permission to visit. Great Captain Island is also off the coast of Greenwich, and includes the southernmost point in Connecticut. During winter storms, it is common for the area north of the Merritt Parkway to receive significantly heavier snowfall than the area closer to the coast. The town experiences a humid continental climate (Dfa) It is quite close to a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) The town has nine CDPs: Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Indian Field, Old Greenwich, Pemberwick, Riverside, Rock Ridge and the Greenwich CDP covering the historic municipal center of theTown. The USPS lists separate zip codes for Greenwich, Cos cob, Old Greene, and Riverside. Greenwich is often further divided into several smaller, unofficial neighborhoods, such as Cos Cob and Old Greenwich. It is also bordered to the West by Port Chester, New York, Rye Brook, and White Plains. To the South it is bordered by the Long Island Sound.


At the 2020 U.S. census, there were 63,518 people in Greenwich. Per the American Community Survey's 2018 estimates, the population of Greenwich grew to 62,574. The median household income excluding capital gains was $142,819 and the average income was $272,636. The coastal neighborhood of Belle Haven, along with Backcountry, have some of the wealthiest single family real estate in the world. In 2014, the highest asking price for a residential property in town was the Copper Beech Estate at $190 million. In recent decades, the town has attracted wealthy expats from around the globe due to its extremely low tax rate, school system, and proximity to Manhattan, which is an hour by Metro North (per The median listing price forA home in the town was $2.3 million in 2021. The average household size from 2014 to 2018 grew to 2.78 and theAverage family size was 3.28. The per capita income for the town is $98,467. The town's racial makeup consisted of 72.8% non-Hispanic whites, 3.3% Blacks or African Americans, 0.1% American Indian or Alaska Natives, 7.6% Asian Americans, and 2.2% multiracial Americans. Hispanic and Latin American residents made up 13.8 per cent of the estimated population. In the town the population was spread out, with 25.4 per cent under the age of 18, 4.1 per cent from 18 to 24, 28.8 percent from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64.


Greenwich, along with Stamford, are the economic centers of Fairfield County and its metropolitan statistical area. Prominent companies based in the town of Greenwich are: AQR Capital, Blue Harbour Group, Blue Sky Studios/20th Century Animation, Blyth, Inc., Cambridge Solutions, First Reserve Corporation, Interactive Brokers, Nestlé Waters North America, North Street Capital, Silver Point Capital, Viking Global Investors, W. R. Berkley, XFL, and XPO Logistics. Other major institutions in the township are Greenwich Hospital, Hyatt Regency, Tudor Investment Corporation, Eversource Energy, Brunswick School, and Camuto Group. The town is home to a number of colleges and universities, as well as a large number of private businesses. Greenwich is located on the Connecticut Turnpike, which runs from New York City to Long Island, New York, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Long Island. It is also home to the New York State Psychiatric Institute, which provides mental health services for the elderly, the disabled, and the homeless. The Town of Greenwich has a population of more than 1,000,000 people, making it one of the most densely populated towns in the state. It also has the largest number of high schools in the U.S., with more than 2,000 students per year. It has the second largest population of high school students, with about 1,500 students per school. It was the site of the first high school in the United States, which was founded in 1859.

Arts and culture

Greenwich is home to the Greenwich International Film Festival. The Bruce Museum is a town-owned institution with sections devoted to art and natural history. Acacia Lodge No. 85, Ancient, Free & Accepted Masons, founded in 1857 in the top level of the old Cos Cob School House, is located in the town. The Greenwich Symphony Orchestra begun in 1958 as the Greenwich Philharmonia, it became fully professional by 1967. The town's post office contains a mural, The Packet Sails from Greenwich Green, painted in 1939 by Victoria Hutson Huntley. The first recorded meeting place was Knapp's Tavern on the King's Highway, and its "home base" was Stamford, but it was given the jurisdiction of "Stamford, Horseneck and parts adjacent" The Greenwich Choral Society performs locally and elsewhere, including in New York City and Europe, and was founded in 1925. It was originally called the Greenwich Symphony orchestra. It is now known as the "Greenwich Symphony Orchestra" and performs in Greenwich and elsewhere in the United States and around the world. Its members were originally of Union Lodge no. 5, founded 1763, and though its " home base" is Stamford, it wasgiven the jurisdiction in parts of Stamford, as well as parts of New York, Connecticut, and New Jersey. It has been known to perform in Europe and elsewhere since the 1970s, including at the Louvre in Paris and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in Paris.

Sports and recreation

The Greenwich Teen Center has age-specific programs and events on weekdays and weekends. The Greenwich Y.M.C.A. offers fitness and social services. The town-owned Dorothy Hamill Rink is an ice rink open seasonally. There are private membership clubs for beachgoers and members of the YMCA. The city's parks are open to the public on a limited basis and are free of charge to the residents of Greenwich and its surrounding areas. The Town of Greenwich is home to the New England Aquarium, which is open year-round and offers a variety of activities for the public to enjoy. It is also the home of the Greenwich Yacht Club, which offers a range of activities and activities for adults and children. It also offers a number of private memberships for private members, including a private beach club and a private yacht club. The City of Greenwich also has its own version of the New York City Marathon, which takes place every year on the same day as the World Series. It has also been the site of the Winter Olympics, which took place in New York in 1998 and 1998. It was the first Winter Olympics to be held in the U.S. since 1988. It's also the only Winter Olympics venue to be located in the state of New York. It opened its doors to the general public in the summer of 1998. The first Winter Olympic Games were held in 1998, and the city's first Winter Games were in 2000. The last Winter Olympics were in 2008.


Greenwich Public Schools operates the public schools. Greenwich High School is the district's sole high school. As of 2012 elementary schools had the same pattern of racial segregation as the town as a whole. Hispanic students concentrated in the two elementary schools in the southwestern corner of the district, New Lebanon and Hamilton Avenue. There is a Connecticut racial diversity law which requires that the percentage of students in an ethnic group in a school may not deviate by more than 25% from the average for the district. Thus, as of 2013, the district was out of compliance and was searching for solutions. The district has three private schools: Brunswick School, Greenwich Academy, and the Stanwich School. It also has a Japanese expatriate school, the New York Nihonjin gakko, which moved to Greenwich from New York City in 1992; it shares the former Rosemary Hall campus with Carmel Academy. In 2010, the school changed its name from Westchester Fairfield Hebrew Academy. Greenwich has a Montessori and International Baccalaureate World School, Whitby School (18 months through grade 8) It has a Spanish language international school, Escuela Argentina en Greenwich (K8), the only Spanish-language international school in the NYC metro. It is located at 257 Stanwich Road. The school was acquired by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bridgeport for 1012, 2017. It was originally nursery9 (originally nursery9) (AcquiredStanwich School for 1011, 2017).

Government and politics

The town of Greenwich is one political and taxing body, but consists of several distinct sections or neighborhoods, such as Banksville, Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Mianus, Old Greenwich, Riverside and Greenwich. The town has three selectmen and a Representative Town Meeting (RTM) The RTM must approve all budgets, and consists of 230 elected representatives. Most prominently, Theodore Roosevelt under the Bull Moose Party. The largest share of the vote received by a Democratic presidential candidate is the 64.56% of theVote received by Martin Van Buren in 1836, and the largest percentage of the Vote received by third-party presidential candidates was the 27.61% ofThe 1912 presidential election. The results of Greenwich in all 49 presidential elections since 1828 can be found below: Greenwich's voting history up through 1892. The Democrat has carried the town in three of the last four presidential elections, and in 27 of the 28 presidential elections from 1896 to 2004. The Republican has won Greenwich in 27 out of the 38 presidential elections between 1896 and 2004, and three out of four since 2000. The last Republican to win the town was Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956, with 78.25% of. the vote. The current Republican First Selectman is Michael Wolraich, who has been in office since 2007. The Town of Greenwich has three ZIP codes: Greenwich, Greenwich, and Greenwich Center. The ZIP codes have separate postal names and ZIP codes for each of them.


The town is served by the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line. Westchester County Airport is the closest commercial airport to Greenwich. 4% of adults in Greenwich are "transportation insecure," meaning that they have had to stay at home during the past year due to a lack of adequate transportation. The paid Greenwich Fire Department and the 7 all-volunteer Greenwich Fire Companies respond to, on average, approximately 5,000 emergency calls annually. There is also the Cos Cob Fire Police Patrol, one of the only remaining Fire police Patrols in Fairfield County, Connecticut. The town is home to the Greenwich Library, Cos Cob Library, Riverside Library, and Old Greenwich Library. It is approximately a 50-minute train ride to Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan on the express train and a 60-minute ride on the local. The Amtrak Acela, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter trains stop in the adjacent city of Stamford. The Greenwich Police Department has 87 police officers, 22 detectives, 19 sergeants, 10 lieutenants, 3 captains, and one deputy chief with 20+ civilian dispatchers and administrative personnel and includes a K-9 unit. The Town of Greenwich is located on the Connecticut River, between New York and Long Island. It has a population of approximately 2,000 people (as of the 2010 census). The town's population was 2,071 (as of the 2011 census) and is expected to grow to 2,800 by the 2016 census.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Greenwich, Fairfield County, Connecticut = 7.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 32. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 30. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Greenwich = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 10,663 individuals with a median age of 42.5 age the population grows by 1.45% in Greenwich, Fairfield County, Connecticut population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,328.8 residents per square mile of area (513.1/km²). There are average 2.62 people per household in the 23,330 households with an average household income of $126,435 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.40% of the available work force and has dropped -3.25% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 27.10%. The number of physicians in Greenwich per 100,000 population = 301.6.


The annual rainfall in Greenwich = 49.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 2.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 118. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 190. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 21 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Greenwich, Fairfield County, Connecticut which are owned by the occupant = 63.85%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 52 years with median home cost = $1,117,120 and home appreciation of -11.16%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $13.56 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $11,605 per student. There are 13.7 students for each teacher in the school, 243 students for each Librarian and 341 students for each Counselor. 5.23% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 31.37% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 26.99% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Greenwich's population in Fairfield County, Connecticut of 12,172 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,88-fold to 10,663 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.06% female residents and 47.94% male residents live in Greenwich, Fairfield County, Connecticut.

    As of 2020 in Greenwich, Fairfield County, Connecticut are married and the remaining 36.11% are single population.

  • 33.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Greenwich require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    64.28% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 6.02% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 17.52% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 7.77% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Greenwich, Fairfield County, Connecticut, 63.85% are owner-occupied homes, another 29.43% are rented apartments, and the remaining 6.73% are vacant.

  • The 67.16% of the population in Greenwich, Fairfield County, Connecticut who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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